Dry skin is a scratchy and itchy skin disorder characterized by peeling off, burning, and sensitivity. Some people has natural or in born dry skin and are quite accustomed with such related issues. Others may develop dry skin over time or seasonally. Even people with tremendously oily skin may experience dryness and itchy followed by cracks and rashes. In medical science, extreme dry skin is known as Dermatitis.
Skin dryness is mostly seen in areas around legs, arms, cheeks, abdomen and thighs. There are few types of dry skin commonly seen. They are:
Development of rashes due to aversion from certain substances leads to an itchy dry condition of the skin known as Allergic.
Hereditary dry conditions of the skin are known as atopic conditions.
When exposed to chemical agents or reactions, the skin develops swelling, irritation and cracks and known as contact type of dry skin.
Commonly seen in infants, Seborrheic dry condition develops from excessive oil secretion resulting in rashy and reddish skin and scalp.
Causes of Skin Dryness
Dehydrated and dry skin can be formed because of the use of creams unsuitably or picking an improper shampoo or lotion. Even, the textile of different dresses can also impact dry skin. However the generic causes of dry skin are:
- Weather Conditions
Weather can lead to excessive dryness in the skin especially low in moisture content, rise in pollution and dry breeze.
- Thermal Conditions
Continuous exposure to central heating, stoves, fireplace or heater may cause skin irritation and dryness. Hot bath like steam and sauna also causes dryness. Moreover regular and excessive swimming in the highly chlorinated pool causes dryness too.
- Exposure to Sun
Exposure to UV radiation and sun rays cause skin dryness, allergy and even permanent damage.
Use of anti-bacterial soaps, deodorants and some shampoo and conditioners may cause the skin and scalp dry rapidly.
- Other Factors:
- Complications with diabetes
- Psoriasis and thyroid
- Nutritional Imbalance
Insufficiencies of vitamin A and the B vitamins in diet may cause dry skin problems. Lack of fluid intake is also a prime reason.
Effects of Dry Skin
Dry skin results as the skin’s external coating suffers from moisture deficiency and comprises of dead, rashy and itchy cells and fails to protective the skin from external factors. When this outermost layer is adequately hydrated, it fights back allergies, bacterial and viral germs. Due to evaporation; our skin continually drops moisture from the outer surface. Intense dry skin can cause critical illness such as swelling of skin and different types of severe infection. The cases can be so much critical that it may require attention and help of a dermatologist. The major impact of dry skin is:
- Arid skin
- Peeling off and exfoliation
- Reddish, blistering, or cracking skin
- Skin tightening, age lines and wrinkles
- Gloomy and tired looking skin
- Dying and sensitive skin with itching
- Rough and easily bruised skin
- Development of lesions such as benign lumps
- Slacking skin and loss of elasticity. The skin loosens and appear hanging
Home Remedies For Dry Skin
The outer layer of the skin bears the capacity of oiling naturally but sometimes the rate of oil production is lower and cannot keep pace with the demand. Along with use of chemical moisturisers, cream, lotions, face packs and serums, we recommend few home therapies which assure best and smooth results.
Start bathing with milk. The lactic acid constituent of milk peels off dead and dry skin cells and help to enhance the capacity of the skin to retain moisture and continue hydration. The process is easy and quick. Dip a clean and dry washcloth in milk (preferably cold). Put the soaked cloth on the dried areas for 5 minutes followed by gentle rinsing off the milk with cold water.
Aloe vera Gel
Apply gel form of aloe vera. One of the important constituent of aloe vera gel is a special acid that fights with dehydrated cells. One important advice is to get better results, replace your cosmetic aloe vera gel with a natural one. Cut of the aloe vera stick and split with a knife. Squeeze out the gel directly from there.
Banana and papaya
There are some skin applications which can be done at home easily. Mix banana and papaya to make a thick paste. Apply the paste on skin and let it dry naturally for half an hour. Rinse it softly with cold water in circular motions. One can make a face wash by par boiling aromatic geranium leaves and then cooling it. Moreover baby oil works wonder on dry skin.
Honey and egg yolk
Make a mixture comprising of half teaspoon honey, egg yolk and one table spoon milk powder. Make a thick paste and apply on the skin. Let it dry for 20 minutes and then wash it off gently.
Dry skin can be cured by the right diet and striking a nutritional balance. It is advisable to include foods rich in fatty acids like almonds, avocados and flaxseeds. The last one can be added as a salad dressing, in yoghurt, oatmeal or in regular food. To yield best result, add oily cold water fish like herring or salmon in the diet.
Virgin olive oil
Massage your skin daily with 2 teaspoons of extra virgin olive oil and 1-2 drops of aromatic lavender oil. Do not miss to wipe off the extra oil. One can also use this blend as a substitute of moisturiser.